Due to the increasing technology use, texts have become multimodal, and literacy moves from meaning the ability to read and write to the ability to interpret all the texts that surround our society due to widespread use of media, social and others. “Media Literacy Education” (National Association for Media Literacy Education – NAMLE, 2010):
a)All media messages are ‘constructed’: Learners can examine how the media differ from reality, evaluate what is shown compared with real-life experiences, or assess the background of the producer/production of media messages.
b)Media messages are created using a creative language with its own rules: Learners can examine advertising/production techniques and see how language is used to convey a specific message.
b)Most media messages are constructed to gain profit and/or power: Learners can examine the purpose of advertising or marketing strategies and teachers can encourage scepticism towards advertising.
Think of something that you have recently read about e-cigarettes or any general topic (such as Covid-19 vaccination). Then ask yourself the following questions:
Someone, you know? Someone in a position of authority or power? Does it matter who told you this
Did they give facts or opinions? Did they provide all the facts? Did they leave anything out?
Was it in public or in private? Did other people have a chance to respond and provide an alternative account?
Was it before, during or after an important event? Is timing important?
Did they explain the reasoning behind their opinion? Were they trying to make someone look good or bad?
Were they happy or sad, angry or indifferent? Did they write it or say it? Could you understand what was said?
In this spectrum, we propose the below activities as initial points for the developing critical-thinking skills in class in the field of the primary prevention of addiction of tobacco use at school:
|James Bond for a day! (early adolescents)|
This activity can be used so that students can think critically on the sources of news they read on Internet / they find in their daily life.
Computer, Internet Access, and a Projector
The above activity can be adapted and be used at all levels and ages. Also, the teacher can go further and continue with the topic of fake news. In addition, the teacher can use different online tools, such as Kialo, to facilitate the results and organise critical thinking activities. Kialo Edu allows teachers to curate spaces for students to work through complex subjects together, while giving students the space to ask questions, discuss, and evaluate new ideas.