Topic 3 Useful life skills

As we have seen in Module 7, Life Skills Training (LST) is a school-based approach designed to prevent Alcohol and Tobacco use among youth by

  1. influencing their knowledge and attitudes about substances and teaches skills for resisting media, and peer influences to use substances
  2. developing personal self-management skills, such as decision-making and problem-solving, and
  3. helping students develop and improve their social skills, like communication skills, conversation skills, etc. (J. B., Gilbert & W. K., Lori, 2000).

In this unit, we will review some life skills that are shown to be necessary for the empowerment of children and adolescents, to prevent problematic alcohol use.

  • self-control
  • emotional awareness
  • communication
  • social problem-solving and
  • academic support, especially in reading
  • study habits and academic support
  • communication
  • peer relationships
  • self-efficacy and assertiveness
  • alcohol refusal skills
  • reinforcing anti-alcohol attitudes and
  • strengthening personal commitment against alcohol use

Write your definitions – What does the below life skill mean?

  • Social competence
  • Self-regulation
  • Self-control
  • Emotional awareness
  • Communication
  • Social problem-solving
  • Self-efficacy
  • Alcohol refusal skills

If you have some more time to dedicate, prioritise the above skills for your class and think about how they can help your students not to fall into problematic alcohol use.

Hint!

Answer:

  • Social competence

Social competence is defined as the social, emotional, and cognitive skills that children need to be successful with their social adaptation. It has been linked with a child’s social skills, social awareness, and self-confidence.

 

  • Self-regulation

Self-regulation is defined as the ability of an individual to control their behaviour and emotions for accomplishing their goals, and it has been linked with determination and self-awareness.

 

  • Self-control

Self-control is defined as a variety of behaviours that assist the individual to avoid temptations; it has been linked with discipline, self-control, determination and willpower.

 

  • Emotional awareness

Emotional awareness is defined as the ability that an individual has to recognise emotions, not just their own, but also of others. It has been linked with emotional intelligence, empathy and problem-solving.

 

  • Communication

Communication is defined as the act of transferring information between individuals or groups. There are various categories of communication, such as verbal and written communication, as well as non-verbal communication. Non-verbal communication has been linked with emotional intelligence and empathy.

 

  • Social problem-solving

Social problem-solving is defined as the skill that an individual has for the management social life problematic situations and altering the situation. This skill has been linked with emotional intelligence, self-confidence, resilience, and self-motivation.

 

  • Self-efficacy

Self-efficacy is defined as the skill of an individual’s set of beliefs in their ability to succeed in challenging situations. It has been linked with self-confidence, determination and motivation, as well as personal wellbeing.

 

  • Alcohol refusal skills

Alcohol refusal skills are defined as the ways to decline when another individual is pressuring an individual to drink alcohol. It has been linked with assertive skills, self-confidence, self-awareness, and self-control.