Activities

To understand how to find and interpret data on smoking, alcohol use and internet use, demonstration using relevant data from European counties will be designed. Users will be instructed to find the set of data on the smoking, alcohol, and internet use, and will be quizzed on understanding of the given data set, and interpretation of results.

Steps:

  1. Go to http://www.espad.org/
  2. Find the most recent ESPAD report.
  3. Find data on the prevalence of smoking, alcohol and internet use (social media and gaming).
  4. Find data on the country of origin and compare it to other European countries (average use and countries of choice)
  5. Find previous versions of ESPAD report.
  6. Find the data on the prevalence of smoking, alcohol and internet use (social media and gaming).
  7. Find data on the country of origin and compare it to previous data from the country of origin and compare it to other European countries.

Source: http://www.espad.org/

In this exercise, imaginary data will be used, based on imaginary research: the most recent survey on alcohol use among youth was conducted in 2021. on a representative sample of 3568 respondents aged 14 to 17 years, both genders. Please study the data in the table to answer the questions that follow.

  1. According to the data in the table, how many 14-year- olds tried alcohol?
  2. Is last year tobacco use more prevalent among boys or girls?
  3. How many respondents never used tobacco?
  4. How many boys and girls in the sample reported alcohol use in the last month?
  5. What conclusion can be made based on the overall data on tobacco and alcohol use if we compare 14- and 17-year-olds?

Hint!

Correct answers:

  1. 31%
  2. Among girls.
  3. 46%
  4. 59% of boys and 45% of girls.
  5. Tobacco and alcohol use is more prevalent among 17-year-olds compared to 14-year-olds.

Table 1 Exercise data

Prevalence (%) Total sample Males Females 14-year olds 17-year olds

Lifetime tobacco use

54

52

56

31

58

Last year tobacco use

39

36

42

24

46

Last month tobacco use

25

23

27

18

31

Lifetime alcohol use

82

86

78

56

92

Last year alcohol use

68

76

60

44

80

Last month alcohol use

52

59

45

32

66

Heavy episodic drinking among youth is a form of risk behaviour leading to serious immediate and long-term consequences. Find the data on 15 year-olds who have been drunk at least twice in the Spotlight on Adolescent Health and Well-Being Report (Inchley et al, 2020) and answer the following questions:

  1. What is the average prevalence of drunkenness among 15-year-old boys and girls in countries included in this study?
  2. In which European countries included in the study the prevalence of drunkenness among 15-year-old boys and girls is the highest (name 3)?
  3. What is the prevalence of drunkenness among 15-year-old boys and girls in your country? Is it higher then the average prevalence?
  4. Researching the data on heavy episodic drinking among youth

Hint!

  1. 18% among girls and 22% among boys.
  2. Denmark, Wales, Lithuania.
  3. For example, prevalence of drunkenness in Bulgaria among 15-year-old boys is 32%, and among 15-year-old girls is 27%. That is higher then the average prevalence of drunkenness in countries included in the study.

In this exercise, imaginary data will be used, based on imaginary research: the most recent survey on internet use among youth was conducted in 2020. on a representative sample of 4632 respondents aged 12 to 17 years, both genders (2027 males and 2425 females). The results obtained on Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS) are presented in the table. CUIS is a 14-item scale used to assess signs that can lead to Problematic Internet Use (Meerkerk et al., 2009). The questions are answered using a 5-point Likert scale ranging from “never” to “very often” and has a theoretical value range of 0-54. The cut-off score for problematic use on the CIUS scale is 28.  Please study the data in the table and answer the questions that follow.

  1. Do respondents on average meet the criteria for problematic Internet use?
  2. According to the gender of respondents, which group obtained higher results of CIUS?
  3. Compare the results on CIUS for 12 and 17-year-olds?
  4. Which group of respondents met the criteria for problematic Internet use?

Hint!

Correct answers:

  1. No.
  2. Boys.
  3. 17-year-olds obtained higher results on CIUS.
  4. 17-year-olds.

Table 2 Exercise data

Total sample Males Females 12-year olds 17-year olds

M

SD

M

SD

M

SD

M

SD

M

SD

CIUS

24.7

7.13

26.4

7.12

21.9

5.44

20.5

6.31

29.3

9.13

M – means, SD – standard deviation